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Basic English Grammar Lessons

Prepositions “On,” “At,” and “In”

A preposition is a word that links a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to some other part of the sentence. Prepositions can be tricky for English learners. There is no definite rule or formula for choosing a preposition. In the beginning stage of learning the language, you should try to …

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Auxiliary Verbs “Be,” “Do,” “Have”

An auxiliary verb helps the main (full) verb and is also called a “helping verb.” With auxiliary verbs, you can write sentences in different tenses, moods, or voices. Auxiliary verbs are: be, do, have, will, shall, would, should, can, could, may, might, must, ought, etc. I think I should study …

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Mood for Grammar

A mood shows the writer’s attitude toward what he/she is saying. Indicative Mood states an actuality or fact. We will go to see a movie this Sunday. I’ll follow you. Imperative Mood makes a request. Let’s go to see a movie this weekend! Please stop bugging me! Subjunctive Mood expresses …

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Active Voice and Passive Voice

Verbs are either active or passive in voice. In the active voice, the subject and verb relationship is straightforward: the subject is a do-er. In the passive voice, the subject of the sentence is not a do-er. It is shown with by + do-er or is not shown in the …

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Infinitives Part 2

Commonly, an infinitive is used with the subject it. The sentence structure is “It is                      + infinitive.…” It refers to the infinitive. This expression is used in many ways. It is time to do math. It is common to think that way. It is appropriate to keep a low …

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Infinitives Part 1

An infinitive is a verb combined with the word to. Most often, an infinitive acts as a noun in the sentence. Less frequently, it acts as an adjective or an adverb. I want to go home early today. I hope to be chosen as a member. I prefer to go …

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Gerunds

A gerund (verb + ing) acts like a noun in a sentence. Seeing is believing. Running a marathon is not an easy thing to do. Watching TV is sometimes harmful. Eating is always fun. My hobby is painting. She loves babysitting her sister. I like listening to music. I wasted …

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Irregular Verbs

Regular verbs form their past and past participle by adding ed (d). Base Verb Past Past Participle learn learned learned study studied studied cook cooked cooked solve solved solved ask asked asked watch watched watched listen listened listened Irregular verbs do not have definite rules, but there are a few …

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