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Basic English Grammar Lessons

Capitalization

Capitalization means using a capital letter (for example, A instead of a). The use of capital letters helps readers read your writing without confusion. Always capitalize the following: The first word in a sentence. I grew up in India. She left a message on my phone. The pronoun I. This …

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Interjections

An interjection is a word that expresses some kind of emotion. It can be used as filler. Interjections do not have a grammatical function in the sentence and are not related to the other parts of the sentence. If an interjection is omitted, the sentence still makes sense. It can …

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Indefinite and Definite Articles

The words a, an, and the are special adjectives called articles. Indefinite Articles—a, an an—used before singular count nouns beginning with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) or vowel sound: an apple, an elephant, an issue, an orange a—used before singular count nouns beginning with consonants (other than a, …

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Conjunctive Adverbs

Conjunctive adverbs are words that join independent clauses into one sentence. A conjunctive adverb helps you create a shorter sentence. When you use a conjunctive adverb, put a semicolon (;) before it and a comma (,) after it. We have many different sizes of this shirt; however, it comes in …

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Subordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating Conjunctions 1.Although—means “in spite of the fact that”: Although it was raining, I ran home. She showed up, although she felt sick. Although my mom told me to come home early, I stayed out late. 2.After—indicates “subsequently to the time when”: Please text me after you arrive at the …

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Coordinating Conjunctions and Correlative Conjunctions

A conjunction joins words or groups of words in a sentence. I ate lunch with Kate and Derma. Because it is rainy today, the trip is canceled. She didn’t press the bell, but I did. There are three types of conjunctions: 1.Coordinating Conjunctions a.Connect words, phrases, or clauses that are …

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Prepositions “Of,” “To,” and “For”

Of Used for belonging to, relating to, or connected with: The secret of this game is that you can’t ever win. The highlight of the show is at the end. The first page of the book describes the author’s profile. Don’t touch it. That’s the bag of my friend’s sister. …

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Prepositions “On,” “At,” and “In”

A preposition is a word that links a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to some other part of the sentence. Prepositions can be tricky for English learners. There is no definite rule or formula for choosing a preposition. In the beginning stage of learning the language, you should try to …

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